A law suit was recently filed against the U.S. in which the Taxpayers seek a refund of gifts taxes and interest that they claim were erroneously assessed against them by the IRS for their 2007, 2008 and 2009 tax years (the “Tax Years”).

Although it may be some time before the Taxpayers’ claims are resolved, the factual setting upon which the disputed taxes are based is a commonly recurring one.

It is also one that highlights the importance of recognizing the various contexts in which the equity interests in a closely-held business are valued, how they may impact one another, and the importance of being able to distinguish among them.

Family Transfers

Taxpayers are shareholders of Company, an S corporation, the shares of which (the “Shares”) are owned by members of the Taxpayer Family and certain key employees and directors of Company.

Continue Reading Fair Market Value? For What Purpose?

See yesterday’s post for the background on the liability of the minority shareholders discussed today.

Transferee Liability

Taxpayers argued that the IRS’s installment agreement with Corp cut off their transferee liability, and that the IRS’s failure to exhaust its collection options against Corp precluded the IRS from seeking to recover from them as transferees. They

In prior posts, we have considered the “plight” of minority shareholders in various contexts. We have reviewed their inability to influence corporate decisions, to compel a dividend distribution or a redemption of their shares.

In spite of these shareholders’ non-controlling status, we have seen situations in which the taxing authorities have, nonetheless, held them

During their life cycles, most closely held businesses will face the unpleasant task of dealing with a difficult, or otherwise unwanted, minority shareholder.  Family-owned businesses as well those in which the owners are unrelated are likely to encounter this issue. At some point in its existence, the original owners of the business will: have a