Underlying the corporate reorganization provisions of the Code is the principle that it would be inappropriate to tax a transaction as a result of which the participating taxpayers – the corporations and their shareholders – have not sufficiently changed the nature of their investment in the corporation’s assets or business, provided the transaction is motivated

A rapidly growing, closely-held business may find itself in need of additional capital.  When the owners of such a business do not have the liquidity or disposable assets from which to provide such capital, and with traditional lenders often unwilling to extend the necessary credit on acceptable terms, many close businesses have turned to private

A recapitalization is an exchange between one corporation and its shareholders or security shareholders.  It has been described as a “reshuffling of a capital structure within the framework of an existing corporation,”  and it is one of the most common forms of reorganization encountered in the case of a closely-held business.  Simple examples include the